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Career In Veterinary Science

Career In Veterinary Science


The job of veterinarian, basically, is to attend to the medical and healthcare needs of animals which include pets, zoo, livestock and laboratory animals.

Generally the job of a veterinarians consist of conducting physical examination , administering immunization ,providing emergency and critical care, performing surgery and dental procedure and offering advice to people regarding care of their pets and livestock etc. Many of animals maladies and infection may have adverse effect on people coming in the contact of such animals. So, veterinarians’ role is also crucial to keep the human society safe and healthy.


As  a student of veterinary science you will be exposed to both theoretical and practical aspects related to animal health, anatomy ,psysiology,biochemistry pharmacology,parasitology,toxicology,epidemiology,genetics & breeding ,nutrition, gynaecology,and obstetrics,radiology,surgery,clinical,and farm practices, livestock products  technology and production management veterinary clinical practices,livestock farm practices etc.


  • Formal education to become a veterinarian can be pursued at graduation level.
  • The nomenclature for this graduation is bachelors in veterinary science commonly known as B.V.Sc. In many cases the degree also includes the term Animal Husbandry
  • The entry requirements are same as applicable for MBBS.
  • The applicant should have completed H.S.C (i.e. 10+2) with physics ,chemistry and biology or biotechnology with English
  • Most of the entry to B.V.Sc. few have a common/combined entrance examination for this and other professional courses like B.tech, B.pharma etc.
  • Veterinary Council of India conducts a national all India pre Veterinary entrance examination / test. 15 percent seats in recognized institute across the country are filled on the basis of qualifying scores in this examination. There are nearly 40 such institutes where this quota of 15 percent is applicable.
  • Entrance examinations are generally conducted of 2 to 3 hours in which objective from physics, chemistry, botany and zoology are asked.
  • The course duration for a degree in veterinary science is 5 and half years of which one year is intense internship.
  • Many students prefer to join a master’s degree course , M.V.Sc. after graduation .the course period for this post-graduation qualification is 2 years, divided into 4 semsters  and eligibility criteria is B.V.Sc. pass . to eligible for M.V.Sc , candidates have to appear in the qualifying test conducted by Indian Council for Agricultural Research in collaboration with  national testing agency .
  • Doctoral (Ph.D.) opportunities are also available for those interested in research. University Grants Commission norms apply here as in case of Ph.D. in other subjects.



Indian veterinary research institutes at Izat Nagar, Bareilly is a premier establishment in veterinary education. However it offers courses from post-graduation onwards only. Government has established a number of animal sciences universities in country as given below:

  • Bihar Animal Science University, Patna
  • Nanaji Deshmukh Pashu Chikitsa Vigyan Vishwavidyalya,Jabalpur
  • Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University,Tirupati
  • Lala Lajpat Rai University Of  Veterinary & Animal Science ,Hisar,Haryana
  • U P Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay Pashu Chikitsa Vigyan Vishwavidyalya Evam Gau Anusandhan Sanstha , Mathura
  • Tamilnadu Veterinary  & Animal Science University, Chennai
  • Chattisgarh Kamdhenu  Vishwavidyalya ,Durg
  • West Bengal University Of Animal & Fisheries Science,Kolkata
  • Karnataka Veterinary , Animal & Fisheries Science University,Bidar
  • Guru Angad Dev Veterinary & Animal Science University,Ludhiana
  • Maharastra Animal & Fisheries Science University ,Nagpur
  • Kerala Veterinary & Animal Science University ,Wayanad
  • Kamdhenu University, Gandhinagar
  • Madhya Pradesh Pashu Chikitsa Vigyan Vishwavidyalya ,Jabalpur
  • Rajasthan University Of Veterinary & Animal Science,Bikaner
  • Prof Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural Veterinary University, Hydrabad

Other than above there are numbers of colleges/ universities which offer graduate/postgraduate courses in veterinary science and animal husbandry. Some of which are listed below:

  • Dr. Rajendra Prasad  Agricultural University,Pusa
  • Birsa Agricultural University, Kanke, Ranchi
  • Assam Agricultural University,Jorhat
  • Indira Gandhi A Agricultural University,Raipur
  • Anand Agricultural University ,Anand,Gujrat
  • Govind Ballabh Pant University Of Agriculture & Technology , Pantnagar
  • Junagadh Agricultural University,Gujarat
  • P.V Narsimha Rao  Telangana Veterinary University, Hyderabad
  • Sardarkrushinagar Dantwad Agricultural University Banskantha , Gujarat
  • Chaudhary Sarvan Kumar Himanchal Pradesh Krishi Vishwavidyalaya,Palanpur
  • Swami Keshvanand Rajasthan Agricultural University , Bikaner
  • Pondicherry  university
  • narendra  dev  university of agricultural & technology ,faizabad
  • Orissa university of agriculture & technology ,Bhubaneswar
  • Central agricultural university ,imphal
  • Jawaharlal  Nehru krishi vishwavidyalaya, Jabalpur
  • College of veterinary science & animal husbandry,salasih,mizoram
  • Bombay veterinary college, Mumbai
  • Nagpur veterinary college, Mumbai
  • College Of Veterinary  And Animal Sciences, Prabhani
  • College Of Veterinary And Animal Sciences ,Udgir 
  • Krantisinh Nana Patil College Of Veterinary Science, Shirwal Satara
  • Post Graduate Institute Of Veterinary And Animal Husbandry Sciences, Akola


  • College Of Fishery Science ,Telangkhedi, Nagpur
  • College Of Fishery Science, Udgir


  • College of dairy technology warud pusad
  • College of dairy technology udgir latur


  • One a good opportunity for which only a graduate qualification is needed comes from public sector bank who allow the candidate with B.V.Sc. to join as agricultural field officer/ rural development officer. Selection is based on written test and interview .private bank working in rural areas and insurance companies also retain veterinarians
  • Another option is to work with drug researchers and manufacturing companies. Poultry feed and pesticide companies also appoint veterinarians wildlife parks, zoos, sanctuaries, zoological parks etc. need the service of veterinarians on a regular basis. Most of such establishments are managed by government bodies. bulk milk producers and cooperative organizations need veterinary doctors.
  • Defence services and police departments need services of veterinarians to look after dogs engaged for security and investigation process.
  • There is a good business opportunities for veterinary doctors to pursue private practice by establishing their own clinic.
  • Those interested in business and marketing may take up M.B.A in agri business after completing their B.V.Sc.
  • Teaching opportunities can be explored at the institute listed above and others involved in veterinary education.
  •  Candidate with an  aptitude for research may work as a research scientist at Indian veterinary research institutes.


Government of India has established a number of research establishments many of which conduct research on a particular animal. These organizations, as listed below appoint the candidates with higher qualification of veterinary science:

  • National Research Centre On Camel, Bikaner
  • Sheep Research Centre,Mannavanur,Tamilnadu
  • Central Institute For Research On Goat,Makhdum,Uttar Pradesh
  • Central Sheep & Wool Research Avikanagar,Rajsthan
  • Buffalo Research Centre,Hisar
  • National Research Centre On Meat Uppal,Hydrabad
  • Central Research Institute On Cattle,Hisar
  • National Research Centre On Yak,Dirang Arunanchal Pradesh
  • National Research Centre On Equines ,Hisar
  • National Research Centre On Mithun,Jhampani,Nagaland

There are few other research institutes dealing with animals health issues. some are given below:

  • National Institute Of Veterinary Epidemiology, Bengaluru
  • National  Institute Of Animal Nutrition And Psysiology,Bengaluru
  • CSIR- National Institute Of High Security Animal Diseases, Bhopal




  Source:- Employment News,Educational books

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