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Meaning Of Transactional Analysis-

Transactional Analysis is a widely recognized form of modern psychology, and one of the most accessible theory of psychology. In simple terms, Transactional Analysis is designed to promote personal growth and change. It is considered a fundamental therapy for well-being and for helping individuals to reach their full potential in all aspects of life.

Ego-states of Transactional Analysis-

Transactional Analysis was founded by Eric Berne in the late 1950s.According to this theory, each person has three ego-states: parents, adult and child.


  1. PARENTS- Rooted in the past, a set of thoughts, feelings and behaviors learnt from our parents and other important people. This part of our personality can be supportive or critical.
  2. ADULT- Rooted in the present, relates to direct responses in the ’’here and now’’ that are not influenced by our past. This tends to be the most rational part of our personality.
  3. CHILD-Rooted in the past, a set of thought feelings and behaviors learnt from our childhood. These can be free and natural or strongly adapted to parental influences.


In counselling, Transactional Analysis (TA) therapy is very versatile, it can be used in a wide range of areas and incorporates key themes from humanistic, integrative and psychoanalytical and psychodynamic therapies.

Key concept of Transactional Analysis-

EGO STATES- Ego-States refer to the three major parts of an individual’s personality and they each reflect an entire system of thought, feelings and behavior.

UNCONSCIOUS SCRIPT- The notion that are related to childhood experience . The script is a personal life plan developed mainly before the age of seven under parental, familial, social and cultural pressure. It determines the most important aspects of life. Script writing is the most forward way of describing the child’s process.

TRANSACTIONS- When individuals communicate their ego-states interact to create transactions. If the ego- states interact and blend in a healthy way, transactions tend to be healthier. But, sometimes ego-states can contaminate each other to create a distorted view of the world. Transactions may be classified as straight forward, crossed up or ulterior and understanding, these are the key to conflict resolution.


In the counselling therapy session setting, the therapist works collaboratively with the individual. Together, they will identify what has gone wrong in the client’s communication and provide opportunities for them to change repetitive patterns that limit their potential.



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