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Stages of Argument

Stages of Argument

Wayne Brockriede, a German educator, philosopher and a specialist in arguments explains the six stages and dimensions of arguments-

1) Inferential leap – “when one moves to a new belief system or engages into the depth of an existing belief system. Often this leap tends to break the barriers of logic because of convictions on the belief.”

2)Perceived rationale –“Many arguments are framed as being rational, with logical progression from facts and accepted truths to new truths. Yet the logic we often use is flawed and may even include inferential leaps, disguised as obvious conclusions.”

3)Competing claims – “When people are arguing, they may make claims that conflict, such that only one may be accepted as each assumes the other’s claim is false. When each assumes their claim to be legitimate, then conflict becomes highly likely as each frames the other as making an illegitimate claim.”

4) Uncertainty regulation- “The previously noted problems often appear and consequently lead to conflict with degeneration of arguments into further lack of logic and increasing emotional statements.

5) Confrontation risk- “As a result of the uncertainty, confrontation is often perceived as a risk. When we are open with our views there is a possibility of our being proved wrong, that other may attack or penalize us and that we could lose social status or worse.

6)Frame of reference-“A person’s frame of reference is the lens through which they perceive the world, creating meaning and assuming truth. This is a complex process where everything from beliefs to studies lead to a system of filters that shape how we see the world.”

Tim Kreider says “Exhausting someone in argument is not the same as convincing him”

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